Review, comments, and discussion
of Engineering Criteria 2000 by all
interested parties is invited.
Comments should be addressed to:
Director, Engineering Accreditation Commission
Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology, Inc.
111 Market Place, Suite 1050
Baltimore, Maryland 21202-4012
Engineering Criteria 2000 will be published in January 1998 for a three-year phased implementation beginning in the 1998-99 accreditation cycle. During the three years (1998-99 through 2000-01), institutions may elect to have their programs evaluated under the current criteria or under Engineering Criteria 2000. When an institution elects Engineering Criteria 2000, all programs will be reviewed under Engineering Criteria 2000.
This is a second edition of ABET Engineering Criteria 2000. Two changes in meaning in the text since December of 1995 are indicated by underlining: (1) Criterion 4, item (a) and (2) III. Cooperative Education Criteria.
The EAC of ABET may make non-substantive editorial changes to this document based on experience gained during the pilot study period.
The Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology (ABET) is recognized in the United States as the sole agency responsible for accreditation of educational programs leading to degrees in engineering. The first statement of the Engineers Cou ncil for Professional Development (ECPD, now ABET) relating to accreditation of engineering educational programs was proposed by the Committee on Engineering Schools and approved by the Council in 1933. The original statement, with subsequent amendments, was the basis for accreditation until 2000. The statement presented here is required of programs beginning in 2001.
Engineering education programs may be accredited at the basic or the advanced level; however, a program may be accredited at only one level in a particular curriculum at a particular institution. All accredited engineering programs must include ;engineering in the program title (An exception has been granted for programs accredited prior to 1984 under the title of Naval Architecture.) To be considered for accreditation, engineering programs must prepare graduates for the practice of engine ering at a professional level.
The ABET accreditation process is a voluntary system of accreditation that
(1) assures that graduates of an accredited program are prepared adequately to enter and continue the practice of engineering
(2) stimulates the improvement of engineering education
(3) encourages new and innovative approaches to engineering education
(4) identifies these programs to the public.
It is the responsibility of the institution seeking accreditation of an engineering program to demonstrate clearly that the program meets the following criteria.
The quality and performance of the students and graduates is an important consideration in the evaluation of an engineering program. The institution must evaluate, advise, and monitor students to determine its success in meeting program objectives.< /P>
Each engineering program for which an institution seeks accreditation or reaccreditation must have in place
(a) detailed published educational objectives that are consistent with the mission of the institution and these criteria
(b) a process based on the needs of the programs various constituencies in which the objectives are determined and periodically evaluated
(c) a curriculum and process that ensures the achievement of these objectives
(d) a system of ongoing evaluation that demonstrates achievement of these objectives and uses the results to improve the effectiveness of the program.
Engineering programs must demonstrate that their graduates have
(a) an ability to apply knowledge of mathematics, science, and engineering
(b) an ability to design and conduct experiments, as well as to analyze and interpret data
(c) an ability to design a system, component, or process to meet desired needs
(d) an ability to function on multi-disciplinary teams
(e) an ability to identify, formulate, and solve engineering problems
(f) an understanding of professional and ethical responsibility
(g) an ability to communicate effectively
(h) the broad education necessary to understand the impact of engineering solutions in a global and societal context
(i) a recognition of the need for, and an ability to engage in life-long learning
(j) a knowledge of contemporary issues
(k) an ability to use the techniques, skills, and modern engineering tools necessary for engineering practice.
Each program must have an assessment process with documented results. Evidence must be given that the results are applied to the further development and improvement of the program. The assessment process must demonstrate that the outcomes important t o the mission of the institution and the objectives of the program, including those listed above, are being measured. Evidence that may be used includes, but is not limited to the following: student portfolios, including design projects; nationally-norm ed subject content examinations; alumni surveys that document professional accomplishments and career development activities; employer surveys; and placement data of graduates.
The institution must have and enforce policies for the acceptance of transfer students and for the validation of credit courses taken elsewhere. The institution must also have and enforce procedures to assure that all students meet all program require ments.
The Professional Component requirements specify subject areas appropriate to engineering but do not prescribe specific courses. The engineering faculty must assure that the program curriculum devotes adequate attention and time to each component, con sistent with the objectives of the program and institution. Students must be prepared for engineering practice through the curriculum culminating in a major design experience based on the knowledge and skills acquired in earlier coursework and incorporat ing engineering standards and realistic constraints that include most of the following considerations: economic; environmental; sustainability; manufacturability; ethical; health and safety; social; and political. The professional component must include
(a) one year of a combination of college level mathematics and basic sciences (some with experimental experience) appropriate to the discipline
(b) one and one-half years of engineering topics, to include engineering sciences and engineering design appropriate to the students field of study
(c) a general education component that complements the technical content of the curriculum and is consistent with the program and institution objectives.
The faculty is the heart of any educational program. The faculty must be of sufficient number; and must have the competencies to cover all of the curricular areas of the program. There must be sufficient faculty to accommodate adequate levels of stu dent-faculty interaction, student advising and counseling, university service activities, professional development, and interactions with industrial and professional practitioners, as well as employers of students.
The faculty must have sufficient qualifications and must ensure the proper guidance of the program and its evaluation and development. The overall competence of the faculty may be judged by such factors as education, diversity of backgrounds, enginee ring experience, teaching experience, ability to communicate, enthusiasm for developing more effective programs, level of scholarship, participation in professional societies, and registration as Professional Engineers.
Classrooms, laboratories, and associated equipment must be adequate to accomplish the program objectives and provide an atmosphere conducive to learning. Appropriate facilities must be available to foster faculty-student interaction and to create a c limate that encourages professional development and professional activities. Programs must provide opportunities for students to learn the use of modern engineering tools. Computing and information infrastructures must be in place to support the scholar ly activities of the students and faculty and the educational objectives of the institution.
Institutional support, financial resources, and constructive leadership must be adequate to assure the quality and continuity of the engineering program. Resources must be sufficient to attract, retain, and provide for the continued professional deve lopment of a well-qualified faculty. Resources also must be sufficient to acquire, maintain, and operate facilities and equipment appropriate for the engineering program. In addition, support personnel and institutional services must be adequate to meet program needs.
Each program must satisfy applicable Program Criteria. Program Criteria provide the specificity needed for interpretation of the basic level criteria as applicable to a given discipline. Requirements stipulated in the Program Criteria are limited to the areas of curricular topics and faculty qualifications. If a program, by virtue of its title, becomes subject to two or more sets of Program Criteria, then that program must satisfy each set of Program Criteria; however, overlapping requirements need to be satisfied only once.
Should the program include as a part of the professional component a cooperative work element, this element of the program may be examined as a separate entity and reported as part of the accreditation action.
Criteria for advanced level programs are the same as for basic level programs with the following additions: one year of study beyond the basic level and an engineering project or research activity resulting in a report that demonstrates both mastery of the subject matter and a high level of communication skills.
|Program Criteria published for one year comment
(see web: http://www.abet.ba.md.us)
|EAC reviews Pilot Study||Jul. 1997|
|EAC reviews/revises General Criteria based on comments||Jul. 1997|
|EAC reviews/revises Program Criteria based on comments||Jul. 1997|
|Pilot Study, additional schools visited||Sep. -to- Dec. 1997|
|ABET Board votes on Revised General/Program Criteria||Nov. 1997|
|Criteria published, effective for 1998/99 visit cycle||Dec. 1997|
|EAC reviews Pilot Study||Jul. 1998|
|Begin three year phased implementation||Fall 1998 visit cycle|
|Full implementation of Criteria 2000||Fall 2001|